Initialize Dapr in your local environment

Fetch the Dapr sidecar binaries and install them locally using dapr init

Now that you’ve installed the Dapr CLI, use the CLI to initialize Dapr on your local machine.

Dapr runs as a sidecar alongside your application. In self-hosted mode, this means it is a process on your local machine. By initializing Dapr, you:

  • Fetch and install the Dapr sidecar binaries locally.
  • Create a development environment that streamlines application development with Dapr.

Dapr initialization includes:

  1. Running a Redis container instance to be used as a local state store and message broker.
  2. Running a Zipkin container instance for observability.
  3. Creating a default components folder with component definitions for the above.
  4. Running a Dapr placement service container instance for local actor support.

Step 1: Open an elevated terminal

You will need to use sudo for this quickstart if:

  • You run your Docker commands with sudo, or
  • The install path is /usr/local/bin (default install path).

Run Windows Terminal or command prompt as administrator.

  1. Right click on the Windows Terminal or command prompt icon.
  2. Select Run as administrator.

Step 2: Run the init CLI command

Install the latest Dapr runtime binaries:

dapr init

If you are installing on Mac OS Silicon with Docker, you may need to perform the following workaround to enable dapr init to talk to Docker without using Kubernetes.

  1. Navigate to Docker Desktop > Settings > Advanced.
  2. Select the Allow the default Docker socket to be used (requires password) checkbox.

Install the latest Dapr runtime binaries:

dapr init

See the troubleshooting guide if you encounter any error messages regarding Docker not being installed or running.

Step 3: Verify Dapr version

dapr --version


CLI version: 1.13.0
Runtime version: 1.13.5

Step 4: Verify containers are running

As mentioned earlier, the dapr init command launches several containers that will help you get started with Dapr. Verify you have container instances with daprio/dapr, openzipkin/zipkin, and redis images running:

docker ps


Step 5: Verify components directory has been initialized

On dapr init, the CLI also creates a default components folder that contains several YAML files with definitions for a state store, Pub/sub, and Zipkin. The Dapr sidecar will read these components and use:

  • The Redis container for state management and messaging.
  • The Zipkin container for collecting traces.

Verify by opening your components directory:

  • On Windows, under %UserProfile%\.dapr
  • On Linux/MacOS, under ~/.dapr

ls $HOME/.dapr


bin components config.yaml

You can verify using either PowerShell or command line. If using PowerShell, run:

explorer "$env:USERPROFILE\.dapr"

If using command line, run:

explorer "%USERPROFILE%\.dapr"


Next step: Use the Dapr API >>